Affirmative Action for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes communities is defined as a voluntary commitment by Indian companies to help the Government and civil society in the national endeavour to ensure equal opportunity to members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes communities.

In April 2006, Hon'ble Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh called on private sector industry to take affirmative action in education, employment opportunities and employment for weaker sections. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) constituted a task force to examine the modalities for affirmative action, subsequently joined by ASSOCHAM. The Task Force, headed by Dr J J Irani, Director, Tata Sons, brought out its report in July 2006. Entitled ‘CII-ASSOCHAM Action Plan: Proposed Concrete Steps by Indian Industry on Affirmative Action for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes', the report outlined what industry could do to deepen representation of weaker sections in Indian industry.